demonym
n. Place name-based label that describes a resident of a particular city, territory, or country.

Example Citation:
"Labels for Locals, by Paul Dickson...tells us (for $14.95) 'What to Call People From Abilene to Zimbabwe' (Abilenian, Zimbabwean). Dickson calls these demonyms, from the Greek demos, 'populace.'"
—William Safire, "Gifts of Gab for 1998," The New York Times Magazine

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