n. A form of cross country running in which a human runner is pulled by a dog wearing a special harness.
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Blake is a Greyster—a mix of German Shorthaired Pointer, Greyhound, and Alaskan Husky—a type of dog bred for sled racing and perfectly suited to canicross. But as the sport grows in popularity in the U.K., so too has the variance in participating breeds, especially at the recreational end of the canicross spectrum.
—Paul Snyder, “Want to Run a Fast 5K? Let Your Dog Pull You to Greatness,” Runner's World, November 30, 2017
Canicross is the combination of cross country running and dog walking, originating from the dog sledding community. In dog sledding, participants would continue to train off-season by running with their dogs—this became known as canicross and quickly developed as a sport in its own right.
—Finlay Greig, “Everything you need to know about canicross in Scotland,” The Scotsman, December 21, 2016
Canicross is a kind of cross-country running with dogs. Runners attach themselves via a harness and bungee-cord to their canine friends—and then race.
—“Canicross: The people who run races with their dogs,” BBC News, November 28, 2014
2004 (earliest)
Canicross, a European term for running your dog in harness as you run behind, is gaining in popularity in North America. Canicross allows you to continue conditioning both yourself and your dogs, yet has enough variation from winter skijoring to provide variety and challenge.
—Matt Haakenstad, Ski Spot Run, Kisati Ventures, January 02, 2004
Other canisports are skijoring (cross country skiing with a dog), bikejoring (mountain or trail biking with a dog), and rollerjoring (rollerblading with a dog), all with the same harness and elastic tether setup. The common "joring" element here comes from the Norwegian word jøring, which means "driving."