telepresence robot
n. A robot with a top-mounted display that shows a live video feed of the remote operator, as well as a camera that enables the operator to view the robot's immediate surroundings.
The Ava 500, which iRobot will unveil at the InfoComm technology conference in Florida, is a so-called telepresence robot that has a 21.5-inch screen for a "head" — a bit like Skype on a rolling pedestal.
—Michael B. Farrell, “Robot boss? Latest creation beams superior to you,” The Boston Globe, June 10, 2013
The telepresence robot (T-bot) project allows the reader to enter a mobile robotic device based on a radio-controlled model car equipped with a microminiature video camera and soundsystem.
—“Step Into Virtual Reality,” Electronics Now, February 01, 1996
1991 (earliest)
In a telephone conversation, each person has a microphone and a speaker in the telephone handset, with each microphone linked to the other person's speaker. The analogous setup for visual telepresence is for each person to wear a see-through Head-Mounted Display which is linked to a telepresence robot at the location of the other person. In such a conversation, you would see the other person's face superimposed onto the robot face which was physically there before you. You could thus have a "face-to-face" conversation with a distant person, making eye contact and observing one another's facial expressions.
—Warren Robinett, “Electronic expansion of human perception,” Whole Earth Review, September 22, 1991
Here's a draft version (PDF) of the Robinett article that is dated May 31, 1991.
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